What is Article 2 of the EU?
The Union is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities.
What is the Treaty on European Union?
The Treaty on European Union (TEU) sets out the European Union’s purpose, democratic principles, institutions and governance framework, as well as provisions on enhanced co-operation, external action and the EU’s common foreign and security policy.
What is the Copenhagen criteria for EU?
The Copenhagen criteria are the rules that define whether a country is eligible to join the European Union. The criteria require that a state has the institutions to preserve democratic governance and human rights, has a functioning market economy, and accepts the obligations and intent of the European Union.
When the Treaties confer on the Union exclusive competence in a specific area?
When the Treaties confer on the Union exclusive competence in a specific area, only the Union may legislate and adopt legally binding acts, the Member States being able to do so themselves only if so empowered by the Union or for the implementation of Union acts.
What type of right is Article 2?
Article 2 protects your right to life
This means that nobody, including the Government, can try to end your life. It also means the Government should take appropriate measures to safeguard life by making laws to protect you and, in some circumstances, by taking steps to protect you if your life is at risk.
What is an Article 2 investigation?
Article 2 imposes a general positive duty on the State to have a system to protect life. An investigation should be considered where it may be necessary to examine the causation of a serious incident or multiple serious incidents (e.g. a cluster of suicides) that could indicate systemic failures to protect life.
What is the richest country in the European Union?
Luxembourg is the wealthiest country in the European Union, per capita, and its citizens enjoy a high standard of living. Luxembourg is a major center for large private banking, and its finance sector is the biggest contributor to its economy. The country’s main trading partners are Germany, France and Belgium.
Which EU treaties are currently in force?
Treaties currently in force (Treaty on European union (Consolidated version 2016), Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Consolidated version 2016), Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (Consolidated version 2016), Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2016))
Which countries are waiting to join the EU?
There are seven recognised candidates for membership of the European Union: Turkey (applied in 1987), North Macedonia (2004), Montenegro (2008), Albania (2009), Serbia (2009), Ukraine (2022), and Moldova (2022).
Why can’t Turkey join the EU?
Since 2016, accession negotiations have stalled. The EU has accused and criticized Turkey for human rights violations and deficits in rule of law. In 2017, EU officials expressed that planned Turkish policies violate the Copenhagen criteria of eligibility for an EU membership.
What does exclusive competence mean?
Exclusive competences of the EU (Article 3 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU)). Areas in which the EU alone is able to legislate and adopt binding acts. Member States are able to do so themselves only if given the powers by the EU to implement these acts.
What is the difference between TFEU and TEU?
The TEU sets out the objectives and principles of the EU and the TFEU provides the organisational and functional details. The TEU is the current Treaty on the European Union (the Maastricht Treaty), with amendments, and the TFEU is basically the EC Treaty, also with a number of amendments.
What is an Article 2 inquest?
An Article 2 inquest will be held in cases where an individual has died whilst being in the custody of the state. Often this will be an inmate in a prison; a person detained under the Mental Health Act, or, in some cases, where a person is an informal patient within a psychiatric hospital.
What is the operational duty under Article 2?
The operational obligation arises only if members of staff know or ought to know that a particular patient presents a “real and immediate” risk of suicide. In these circumstances article 2 requires them to do all that can reasonably be expected to prevent the patient from committing suicide.
What is the poorest EU country?
1. Ukraine. With a per capita GNI of $3,540, Ukraine is the poorest country in Europe as of 2020.
Is the EU richer than China?
The economy of the European Union is the joint economy of the member states of the European Union (EU). It is the third largest economy in the world in nominal terms, after the United States and China, and the third one in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms, after China and the United States.
Is the UK still bound by EU law?
The UK is no longer a member of the European Union. EU legislation as it applied to the UK on 31 December 2020 is now a part of UK domestic legislation, under the control of the UK’s Parliaments and Assemblies, and is published on legislation.gov.uk.
Why is Turkey not allowed in the EU?
Can a non European country join NATO?
First, only European states are eligible for new membership, and second, these states not only need the approval of all the existing member states, but every member state can put some criteria forward that have to be attained.
Is Turkey a rich or poor country?
The World Bank classifies Turkey as an upper-middle income country in terms of the country’s per capita GDP. The CIA World Factbook adds Turkey to its list of developed countries (DCs) due to the country’s status as a founding member of the OECD.
Is Turkey a NATO member?
Turkey has been a member of NATO since 1952, has its second largest army and is the host of the Allied Land Command headquarters. The Incirlik and Konya Airbases have both been involved in several NATO military operations since their establishment. The current Ambassador to NATO is Basat Öztürk.
What is the difference between exclusive and shared EU competences?
– exclusive EU competences – member states have no right to legislate on their own. – shared competences – member states can legislate as long as the Union has not legislated.
What is external competence?
EU external competences. The EU has legal personality and is therefore a subject of international law which is capable of negotiating and concluding international agreements on its own behalf, i.e. it has competences (or powers) in this field conferred on it by the treaties.
How many EU treaties are there?
The first treaty, which established the European Economic Community (EEC), was signed in Rome in 1957. There have been five subsequent treaties – the Single European Act (1986), the Treaty of Maastricht (1992), the Treaty of Amsterdam (1997), the Treaty of Nice (2001) and the Treaty of Lisbon (2007).
Does EU have an Article 5?
Article 5(ex Article 5 TEC)
The use of Union competences is governed by the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality. 2. Under the principle of conferral, the Union shall act only within the limits of the competences conferred upon it by the Member States in the Treaties to attain the objectives set out therein.