What progress did India make in science and technology in the post independence period?

What progress did India make in science and technology in the post independence period?

The result of the efforts between 1947 and 1962 saw the area under irrigation increase by 45 million acres (180,000 km2), food production rise by 34 million metric tons, installed power generating capacity increase by 79 million kilowatts, and an overall increase of 94 percent in industrial production.

What is Science and Technology Policy of India?

The Government of India will launch its 5th National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy, a holistic and pragmatic policy dedicated to Science, technology, and most importantly innovation. The policy aims to reorient Science Technology & Innovation (STI) in terms of priorities, sectoral focus, and strategies.

What are the science and technology policies of the government?

“Science and technology policy covers the public sector measures designed for the creation, funding, support, and mobilization of scientific and technological resources,” Rigas Arvanitis writes in Science and Technology Policy, while the Library of Congress’ Science, Technology & Business Division defines the field as: …

How has India progressed in the realm of science and technology?

Modern India has had a strong focus on science and technology, realising that it is a key element for economic growth. India is among the topmost countries in the world in the field of scientific research, positioned as one of the top five nations in the field for space exploration.

What are the changes happen in India after independence?

The nation has faced religious violence, casteism, naxalism, terrorism and regional separatist insurgencies. India has unresolved territorial disputes with China which in 1962 escalated into the Sino-Indian War, and with Pakistan which resulted in wars in 1947, 1965, 1971 and 1999.

How did India progress after independence?

In its 72 years of independence, India has several achievements to its credit. It has built a modern economy (second fastest growing economy), remained a democracy, lifted millions out of poverty, has become a space and nuclear power and developed a robust foreign policy.

How many science and technology policies are there in India?

Four major policies have been implemented since independence namely, Scientific Policy Resolution (SPR 1958), Technology Policy Statement 1983 (SPR 1958), Science and Technology Policy 2003 (STP 2003), and Science Technology Innovation Policy 2013 (STIP 2013), this article will attempt to give a retrospective on how …

What are the government policy in terms of contributing to the development of science and technology in the Philippines?


What is the role of science and technology in policy making?

“As governments grapple with evermore complex policy problems, science and technology must play a bigger role in providing an evidence base for decisions and supporting government efforts to manage risk and uncertainty,” says Pierre Lortie, president of the Canadian Academy of Engineering.

What is the role of science and technology in development?

The role of S is to lead national development and to support socio-economic needs. The priority areas that have been identified are: – Development of electronics, information, and communication technologies. – Development of selected high technologies to lead the industrial structure adjustment.

When was India’s first post independence industrial policy announced?

Ans. The first Industrial Policy in India was announced post-independence in 1948. It was presented by Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee.

How do government policies in Science and Technology contribute to nation building?

Government policies pertaining to science and technology Related policies—with respect to educating the public, issuing patents, and developing human capital by nurturing a new generation of professionals and scientist with energy expertise—also have a critical role to play.

What do you think are the contributions of Science and Technology to the country’s nation building?

Science and Technology hold the key to the progress and development of any nation. Technology plays a Fundamental role in wealth creation, improvement of the quality of life and real economic growth and transformation in any society.

What is the role of science in policy?

Scientists attempt to achieve their goals by either providing informa- tion (i.e., educating policymakers about science) or by championing particular policy outcomes (e.g., by using persuasive arguments, political pressure, or positive incentives to achieve particular policy goals).

How does science and technology shape our society?

The essence of how science and technology contributes to society is the creation of new knowledge, and then utilization of that knowledge to boost the prosperity of human lives, and to solve the various issues facing society.

How do government policies in science and technology contribute to nation building?

How are science technology and innovation related?

Science and technology are continuously evolving, influenced by structural shifts in the world economy, the steady globalization of innovative activity, the rise in new actors and new ways of innovating. Managing existing technology and non-technological innovation also counts.

Why is it important to pursue the policy of self reliance for the progress of science and technology and for the development of the nation?

Self-reliance means avoiding imports of those goods which could be produced in domestically. Achieving self-reliance was considered important for a developing country like India to reduce the country’s dependence on foreign products, specially for food.

What happened in the post independent period?

India and Pakistan were partitioned and given independence in 1947, after which there was remarkable improvement in scientific and technological education and research; illiteracy, however, remained high.

When was the first science and Technology Policy introduced in India?

Likewise, the first policy relating to Science and Technology was first introduced in 1958. Over the recent past, India declared the decade 2010-2020 as the “Decade of Innovation.”

How science and technology is being further developing in India?

Likewise, through different plans and progressive policies, Science and Technology is being further developing in India.

What is the science and technology policy of 1983?

The policy of 1983 was the second policy that largely focused on the achievement of technological competence and self-reliance. The Science and Technology Policy of 2003. This policy brought the benefits of Science and Technology to the forefront and also focused on the investment required for research and development.

What are the key features of Science Technology and innovation policy 2013?

The key features of Policy 2013 are (source: Science, Technology and Innovation Policy 2013, Government of India, Ministry of Science and technology, New Delhi) − Promoting the spread of scientific temper amongst all sections of society.

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