What are the 4 basic types of electronic components?

What are the 4 basic types of electronic components?

Basic electronic components: capacitors, resistors, diodes, transistors, etc. Power sources: Signal generators and DC power supplies.

What are the 10 components of electricity?

The Basics of Electrical Components

  • Resistors.
  • Capacitors.
  • Light Emitting Diode (LED)
  • Transistors.
  • Inductors.
  • Integrated Circuit (IC)
  • Circuit Breaker.
  • Fuse.

What are the different electronic component?

However, the main components used in most electronics are: Resistors, Capacitors, Transistors, Inductors, ICs and Diodes.

What are the 5 components of a circuit?

The following common components are used in most printed circuit boards:

  1. Resistors. Resistors control the electric currents that pass through them, as well as the voltage in each component connected to them.
  2. Transistors.
  3. Capacitors.
  4. Inductors.
  5. Diodes.

What is the most common component in electronics?


Transistors are considered the fundamental building blocks of modern electronics. Several billions may be found in a single IC chip. But transistors are simply amplifiers and electronic switches. They come in several types, with the bipolar transistor as the most common type.

What are the 6 components of a circuit?


  • ground. Definition. return path for current.
  • source (battery) Definition. the power source of the circuit.
  • circuit protection (fuse) Definition. opens if there is excessive amperage.
  • switch. Definition. allows user to control circuit.
  • conductor (wire) Definition.
  • load (bulb) Definition.
  • ground. Definition.

What are the 4 types of circuit?

Electric Circuit -Types of Electric Circuit

  • Close Circuit.
  • Open Circuit.
  • Short Circuit.
  • Series Circuit.
  • Parallel Circuit.

Why is a fuse used?

The fuse breaks the circuit if a fault in an appliance causes too much current to flow. This protects the wiring and the appliance if something goes wrong. The fuse contains a piece of wire that melts easily.

What does a capacitor do?

A capacitor (originally known as a condenser) is a passive two-terminal electrical component used to store energy electrostatically in an electric field. The forms of practical capacitors vary widely, but all contain at least two electrical conductors (plates) separated by a dielectric (i.e., insulator).

What is a resistor symbol?

The ohm (symbol: Ω) is the SI unit of electrical resistance, named after Georg Simon Ohm. An ohm is equivalent to a volt per ampere.

How do I identify electronic components?

How To Identify Electronic Components – YouTube

What does Ohm’s law explain?

One of the most basic and important laws of electric circuits is Ohm’s law. Ohm’s law states that the voltage across a conductor is directly proportional to the current flowing through it, provided all physical conditions and temperatures remain constant.

What is AC circuit?

Alternating Current Circuits or AC circuits are simply circuits powered by an Alternating Source, either current or voltage. An Alternating Voltage or Current is one in which the amount of either the voltage or the current alters about a distinct mean value and reverses direction periodically.

What is a resistor used for?

A resistor is an electrical component that limits or regulates the flow of electrical current in an electronic circuit. Resistors can also be used to provide a specific voltage for an active device such as a transistor.

What are the 3 types of fuses?

Fuses can be classified as “One Time Only Fuse”, “Resettable Fuse”, “Current limiting and non – current limiting fuses” based on the usage for different applications.

What is an inductor used for?

Inductors are primarily used in electrical power and electronic devices for these major purposes: Choking, blocking, attenuating, or filtering/smoothing high frequency noise in electrical circuits. Storing and transferring energy in power converters (dc-dc or ac-dc)

What is a diode symbol?

The basic schematic symbol for a diode looks like an arrow head that points in the direction of conventional current flow from its Anode (A) terminal to its Cathode (K) terminal. The schematic symbol of a diode also shows that if forward-biased, current will flow through the direction of the arrow.

What is a capacitor symbol?

(i) Capacitor Symbol:
Its symbol consists of two parallel lines separated from each other i.e. Flat, curved or an arrow passes through it. The flat line indicates that the capacitor is non-polarized, the curved line indicates that the capacitor is polarized and arrow type indicates that it is of a variable type.

How do you identify a component?

Identification of the Component
Every component contains a specific marking either on the body or stated on the packaging. The specific mark or code will contain the manufacturer’s unique part number, value and tolerance, polarity, and color-coded bands to indicate resistance.

What is current formula?

Ohm’s law relates the current flowing through a conductor to the voltage V and resistance R; that is, V = IR. An alternative statement of Ohm’s law is I = V/R.

What is U and V in electrical?

I = current (ampere, A) U = electrical potential (volts, V) R = resistance (ohms, Ω)

What is DC used for?

Direct current is used in any electronic device with a battery for a power source. It is also used to charge batteries, so rechargeable devices like laptops and cell phones come with an AC adapter that converts alternating current to direct current.

Are batteries DC or AC?

Batteries provide DC, which is generated from a chemical reaction inside of the battery.

What is capacitor used for?

capacitor, device for storing electrical energy, consisting of two conductors in close proximity and insulated from each other. A simple example of such a storage device is the parallel-plate capacitor.

What is diode used for?

It allows current to flow easily in one direction, but severely restricts current from flowing in the opposite direction. Diodes are also known as rectifiers because they change alternating current (ac) into pulsating direct current (dc). Diodes are rated according to their type, voltage, and current capacity.

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