What is a beam pumping unit?
A beam pumping unit is a machine for translating rotary motion from a crankshaft to a linear reciprocating motion for the purpose of transferring mechanical power to a down-hole pump. The purpose, simply stated, of the basic system is to transmit energy from the surface to the downhole pump.
How does a beam pump work?
Principle of work of beam pumping units. The working principle of the beam pumping units is as follow: firstly, the motor converts the electrical energy into the rotational motion. Secondly, after twice reduction by the gearbox and the four-bar linkage, the rotary motion transforms into a linear reciprocating motion.
How do you balance a pumping unit?
A method of balancing a beam pumping unit can include securing counterweights to crank arms, thereby counterbalancing a torque applied at a crankshaft at a maximum torque factor position due to a polished rod load and any structural unbalance.
What are the different components of pumping unit?
As detailed by the article titled “Beam Pumping Unit Principles and Components“, most important parts of the conventional units are: Base, Counterweight, Crank, Samson Post, Horse Head, Walking Beam, Equalizer, Pitman, Gear Reducer, Brake and Prime Mover.
How much does a pumping unit weigh?
Weight of T-Base Unit (Approx.) – 1,185 lbs. Weight of Wide Base Unit (Approx.) – 1,470 lbs.
What do you mean by pump?
: a device that raises, transfers, delivers, or compresses fluids or that attenuates gases especially by suction or pressure or both. : heart. 3. : an act or the process of pumping.
What is a walking beam pump?
A nodding donkey, horsehead pump or sucker rod pump are all commonly-used names for the beam pump. Also called a walking beam pump, the machine takes its name from the unique pumping motion the exposed elements of the pump produce. The pump uses a drive motor called a prime mover to power the pump.
What are the three main parts of a pump?
An impeller is a rotor used to increase the kinetic energy of the flow. Casing (Volute). The casing contains the liquid and acts as a pressure containment vessel that directs the liquid flow in and out of the centrifugal pump. Shaft (Rotor).
What are the 7 major parts of a water pump?
Its most basic components include the hub/pulley, bearing, body/house, seal, and impeller.
- The Hub or Pulley. A water pump’s pulley is designed to transfer the drive belt’s movement into the bearing spindle.
- Spindle bearing.
What is a pump jack used for?
A pump jack is a device used in the petroleum industry to extract crude oil from a oil well where there is not high enough pressure in the well to force the oil to the surface. These pump jacks physically extract the oil for use. Pump jacks and oil derricks are commonly confused, but are not the same.
How much weight can a pump jack lift?
On the basis of weight, the global pump jack market is segmented into less than 100,000lbs, 100,000-300,000lbs, and more than 300,000lbs.
|By Application||· Onshore · Offshore|
|By Well Type||· Horizontal · Vertical|
|By Weight||· Less than 100,000lbs · 100,000lbs -300,000lbs · More than 300,000lbs|
What are the 2 types of pumps?
Main Types of Pumps: Centrifugal and Positive Displacement.
What is the function of pump?
A pump is a device that moves fluids (liquids or gases), or sometimes slurries, by mechanical action, typically converted from electrical energy into hydraulic energy. Pumps can be classified into three major groups according to the method they use to move the fluid: direct lift, displacement, and gravity pumps.
Why was it called a walking beam?
Called a “walking beam” because of its steady rocking action, the diamond-shaped beam pivots in the center, transmitting the vertical motion of the engines single large piston to the shaft that turns the paddlewheels. The beams and supporting structure were originally constructed of wood and later of iron and steel.
How does an ESP pump work?
Artificial Lift: Electric Submersible Pumps (ESP) in Oil & Gas Systems
How many types of pump are there?
There are three basic types of pumps: positive-displacement, centrifugal and axial-flow pumps.
What is pump and classification?
Positive Displacement Pumps
|Reciprocating Pump||Bladder Diaphragm Peristaltic Piston / plunger|
|Rotary Pump||Gear Screw Progressing cavity Rotary lobe Rotary vane|
What is another name for a pump jack?
– A pumpjack (also called donkey pumper, nodding donkey, pumping unit, horsehead pump, rocking horse, beam pump, dinosaur, sucker rod pump, grasshopper pump, Big Texan, thirsty bird, or jack pump) is the overground drive for a reciprocating piston pump in an oil well.
What determines the size of the pump jack?
Often this is an emulsion of crude oil and water. Pump size is also determined by the depth and weight of the oil to remove, with deeper extraction requiring more power to move the increased weight of the discharge column (discharge head).
What are main types of pumps?
What are the four types of pumps?
Different Types of Pumps
- Centrifugal pumps.
- Vertical centrifugal pumps.
- Horizontal centrifugal pumps.
- Submersible pumps.
- Fire hydrant system.
Where is beam engine used?
Beam engines were first used to pump water out of mines or into canals but could be used to pump water to supplement the flow for a waterwheel powering a mill.
How does a walking beam work?
A walking beam is an oscillating beam from which drilling tools derive their reciprocating motion. The beams are composed of a timber and metal structure in the form of the letter T, the top part of which was made to pivot on the other.
What is ESP equipment?
The electrical submersible pump, typically called an ESP, is an efficient and reliable artificial-lift method for lifting moderate to high volumes of fluids from wellbores.
What does ESP oil stand for?
In the oil and gas industry, electric submersible pump (ESP) systems are probably best known as an effective artificial lift method of pumping production fluids to the surface.