How are mitochondria and prokaryotic cells similar?
Most important are the many striking similarities between prokaryotes (like bacteria) and mitochondria: Membranes — Mitochondria have their own cell membranes, just like a prokaryotic cell does. DNA — Each mitochondrion has its own circular DNA genome, like a bacteria’s genome, but much smaller.
Why mitochondria and chloroplasts are similar to a bacterial cell?
Mitochondria and chloroplasts have striking similarities to bacteria cells. They have their own DNA, which is separate from the DNA found in the nucleus of the cell. And both organelles use their DNA to produce many proteins and enzymes required for their function.
How are chloroplasts and mitochondria similar to prokaryotic cells quizlet?
1) Chloroplasts and mitochondria are similar in size to prokaryotic cells and divide by splitting (fission), just like prokaryotes. 2) Chloroplasts and mitochondria have internal structures called ribosomes, similar to those found in bacteria that allow them to make their own protieins.
Why are mitochondria and chloroplasts more similar to a prokaryotic cell than a eukaryotic cell?
1. Mitochondria and chloroplasts are similar in size and shape to prokaryotes. 2. Mitochondria and chloroplasts have their own DNA that lack histone proteins, that is circular, and is attached to the inner membrane as is the DNA of prokaryotes.
What are the similarities between mitochondria and bacteria?
Bacteria and mitochondria are also similar in the light of genetic elements—both contain circular DNA and divide through fission, which is presented in the next section.
Is mitochondria a common feature of prokaryotic cells?
They have no nucleus; instead their genetic material is free-floating within the cell. They also lack the many membrane-bound organelles found in eukaryotic cells. Thus, prokaryotes have no mitochondria.
What do both mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common?
Common features between chloroplasts and mitochondria are: a double membrane, compartmentalized interior, they have their own DNA and ribosomes, they reproduce independently of the cell cycle, and they synthesize ATP.
What does mitochondria chloroplast DNA have in common with prokaryotic DNA?
– Chloroplasts and mitochondria are prokaryotic. They have their own genes on a small, circular chromosome but no nucleus. This chromosome has little non-coding DNA, similar to those of bacteria. Chloroplasts and mitochondria also make some of their own proteins from their genes.
Are chloroplasts and mitochondria related to once prokaryotic microbes?
The endosymbiotic theory states that mitochondria and chlopoplasts in today’s eukaryotic cells were once separate prokaryotic microbes.
Which of the following are similarities between mitochondria and chloroplasts quizlet?
What similarities do the mitochondria and chloroplasts share? Both membrane bound organelles have their own DNA and help make energy available to the cell.
What are the similarities of mitochondria and chloroplast?
The main similarity between mitochondria and chloroplast is energy production i.e. they convert energy out of the cell into a specific form and then this energy is used by the cell. 2. The DNA and RNA of mitochondria and chloroplast are almost similar. Both the DNA are circular.
What are the structural similarities of chloroplasts and mitochondria?
Both the chloroplast and the mitochondrion are organelles found in the cells of plants, but only mitochondria are found in animal cells. The function of chloroplasts and mitochondria is to generate energy for the cells in which they live. The structure of both organelle types includes an inner and an outer membrane.
What is the relationship between mitochondria and chloroplasts?
In plant cells, chloroplasts convert light energy into chemical energy, and mitochondria consume the chemical energy to produce ATP. The optimal carbon fixation and plant growth require these two energy-transforming organelles to perform strictly coordinated actions.
Why are mitochondria considered prokaryotic?
How are mitochondria and chloroplasts related?
Chloroplasts, the organelles responsible for photosynthesis, are in many respects similar to mitochondria. Both chloroplasts and mitochondria function to generate metabolic energy, evolved by endosymbiosis, contain their own genetic systems, and replicate by division.
What do both mitochondria and chloroplasts have in common quizlet?
Both mitochondria and chloroplasts contain DNA and ribosomes. Mitochondria likely evolved from ancient endosymbiotic prokaryotes, but chloroplasts did not. Both mitochondria and chloroplasts consume oxygen and produce carbon dioxide. Both mitochondria and chloroplasts contain DNA and ribosomes.
What characteristics chloroplasts and mitochondria have in common?
What is the similarities and difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts?
Mitochondria and chloroplast are organelles found in a plant cell. However, chloroplast is absent in an animal but mitochondria is found in both. Mitochondria generates energy for the cell in the form of ATP using oxygen and nutrients. Chloroplast is the site for photosynthesis in a plant cell.
Why chloroplast and mitochondria are considered prokaryotes?
What is the similarities and difference between mitochondria and chloroplast?
Are mitochondria and chloroplasts found in prokaryotic cells?
Prokaryotic cells have no chloroplasts or mitochondria. Despite this, many of them can do aerobic respiration of the same type that mitochondria do. Some can do photosynthesis the way chloroplasts do. Note that pro means “before” and karyon means “nucleus”.
What is similar in both chloroplasts and mitochondria?
Both chloroplasts and mitochondria are semi-autonomous organelles having their own DNA and protein-synthesizing mechanisms. Both of them help in the cytoplasmic inheritance of certain specific characters and both depend on nuclear genes for biosynthetic activities. Was this answer helpful?
How are the mitochondria and chloroplasts similar?
Both chloroplasts and mitochondria are semi-autonomous organelles having their own DNA and protein-synthesizing mechanisms. Both of them help in the cytoplasmic inheritance of certain specific characters and both depend on nuclear genes for biosynthetic activities.
What similarities do chloroplast and mitochondria share?