What are the types of hand fractures?

What are the types of hand fractures?

Broken Hand

  • Stable fracture, when the bone pieces are aligned.
  • Unstable fracture, when there are bone fragments that have shifted.
  • Comminuted fracture, when the bone is shattered into many pieces.
  • Open (compound) fracture, when a bone fragment breaks through the skin. This causes risk of infection.

What are the 6 major fracture types?

Types of Fractures

  • Stable fracture. The broken ends of the bone line up and are barely out of place.
  • Open (compound) fracture. The skin may be pierced by the bone or by a blow that breaks the skin at the time of the fracture.
  • Transverse fracture.
  • Oblique fracture.
  • Comminuted fracture.

What are the 7 types of bone fractures?

Some of the most common bone fracture types include:

  • Transverse fracture. A transverse fracture occurs when a bone breaks at a 90-degree angle to the long axis of the bone.
  • Oblique fracture.
  • Comminuted fracture.
  • Greenstick fracture.
  • Stress fracture.
  • Pathologic fracture.

What is the difference between a broken hand and a fractured hand?

There’s no difference between a fracture and a break. A fracture is any loss of continuity of the bone. Anytime the bone loses integrity—whether it’s a hairline crack barely recognizable on an X-ray or the shattering of bone into a dozen pieces—it’s considered a fracture.

What are the 10 types of fractures?

10 Types of Bone Fractures

  • Avulsion. An avulsion fracture occurs when a connective tendon or ligament pulls a part of bone off, separating it from the rest of the bone.
  • Comminuted.
  • Compression.
  • Greenstick.
  • Impacted.
  • Oblique.
  • Pathological.
  • Spiral.

What is a Greenstick fracture?

A greenstick fracture occurs when a bone bends and cracks, instead of breaking completely into separate pieces. The fracture looks similar to what happens when you try to break a small, “green” branch on a tree.

What are the 8 different types of fractures?

Different types of bone fractures can be open, closed, stable, displaced, partial, or complete.

  • Transverse Fracture. Transverse fractures are breaks that are in a straight line across the bone.
  • Spiral Fracture.
  • Greenstick Fracture.
  • Stress Fracture.
  • Compression Fracture.
  • Oblique Fracture.
  • Impacted Fracture.
  • Segmental Fracture.

What is a avulsion fracture?

Advertising & Sponsorship. An avulsion fracture occurs when a small chunk of bone attached to a tendon or ligament gets pulled away from the main part of the bone. The hip, elbow and ankle are the most common locations for avulsion fractures in the young athlete.

What is the most commonly fractured bone in the hand?

The distal phalanx is the most commonly fractured bone in the hand, followed by the metacarpals [3].

What is the most common type of hand injury?

Hand injuries come about for various reasons, including work, trauma, overuse, or sports. The three most common hand injuries are fractures/avulsions, tendinitis, and dislocations/deformities.

What is the most common hand fracture?

Skull Fracture. If you’re in a car accident or suffer a sports injury,you might find yourself with a skull fracture.

  • Stress Fracture. A stress fracture can occur when you subject your body to repetitive motion.
  • Broken Hand,Finger,Or Wrist.
  • Broken Hip.
  • What are the four types of fracture?

    – Transverse, where the break is straight across the bone in perpendicular fashion – Longitudinal, where the break is along the long axis of the bone, somewhat down the middle – Comminuted, where the bone is broken into more than two pieces

    What are the different names of fractures?

    Displaced Fracture:

  • Non-Displaced Fracture:
  • Closed Fracture:
  • Open Fracture: In addition to whether the bone is displaced or non-displaced it will be given a fracture pattern name.
  • Compression or Wedge Fracture: Greenstick Fracture: an incomplete fracture in which the bone is bent; occurs most often in children.
  • What to do for a fractured hand?

    If the fingers of the injured hand are cold or blue,call 911 immediately.

  • Do not straighten the hand if it is deformed—keep it in the position found.
  • Stabilize the hand in the position of function with the fingers curled loosely around a soft object like roller gauze.
  • Put ice on the injury.
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