What is the main disease in Afghanistan?
One of the most common causes of death due to diseases in Afghanistan is noncommunicable diseases. Coronary heart disease, cancer, diabetes mellitus, chronic respiratory disease and stroke are some of the most common diseases in the country.
What are the major infectious diseases in Afghanistan?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report, the burden of most infectious diseases, including tuberculosis (TB), leishmaniasis, and malaria, in Afghanistan is greater than in Iran [13-15].
What is the biggest cause of death in Afghanistan?
NCDs are the cause of more than 35% of mortality (2010 Afghanistan Mortality Survey, AMS). In detail, major causes of mortality include cardiovascular disease (women 17.9%, men 14%), cancer (women 8.3%, men 7.3%), diabetes mellitus (women 2.7%, men 3.7%), and respiratory disease (women 2.3%, men 1.9%).
Does Afghanistan have mosquitoes?
Bugs (like mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas) can spread a number of diseases in Afghanistan. Many of these diseases cannot be prevented with a vaccine or medicine. You can reduce your risk by taking steps to prevent bug bites.
Why does Afghanistan have a low life expectancy?
The impact of the conflict and remaining deadly land mines and unexploded ordnance daily adds victims both through physical injury and mental stress, affecting every family in Afghanistan over time. Life expectancy rates are among the lowest in the world and 25% of children die before their fifth birthday.
Does Afghanistan have good healthcare?
For two decades in Afghanistan, life expectancy has risen, and maternal, newborn and child deaths have dramatically decreased. Today, the population’s health is seriously under threat. All the progress in health outcomes may be lost.
What caused trench fever?
Trench fever is an infection caused by Bartonella quintana, which is an aerobic gram-negative rod bacteria. It can vary in presentation, from non-specific symptoms such as fever, rash, malaise, and lumbago to bacteremia, endocarditis, and bacillary angiomatosis.
Why is life expectancy so low in Afghanistan?
Why is infant mortality so high in Afghanistan?
Conflict, poverty, poor health services and low levels of female education and rights combined to produce extremely high mortality rates for Afghan newborns, older infants and very young children.
What type of malaria is in Afghanistan?
Afghanistan has the world’s third-highest malaria burden. The country accounts for 11% of cases in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean region. In Afghanistan, 95% of malaria cases are attributed to Plasmodium falciparum (P.f.) and 5% to Plasmodium vivax (P.v.). Over 76% of Afghans live in at-risk areas.
Is there rabies in Afghanistan?
Rabies remains a major public health concern in Afghanistan. Although the disease is present in many wild animals, most cases in humans are caused by dog bites, with packs of strays a common sight in towns and villages.
What country has the shortest life?
The countries with the lowest life expectancy worldwide include the Central African Republic, Chad, and Lesotho. As of 2020, people born in the Central African Republic could be expected to live only up to 54 years. This is 20 years shorter than the global life expectancy.
Why do Afghans have a life expectancy of only 44 years?
According to the CIA World Factbook, an Afghan’s life expectancy is merely 44 years. That’s 20 to 30 years less than neighboring Pakistan and all other surrounding countries. It is just one result of the ongoing devastation in that country. The war in Afghanistan did not start in 2001 with the US invasion.
Why is life expectancy in Afghanistan so low?
Why is Afghanistan’s birth rate so high?
Does trench fever still exist?
The disease persists among the homeless. Outbreaks have been documented, for example, in Seattle and Baltimore in the United States among injection drug users and in Marseille, France, and Burundi.
How did soldiers treat trench fever?
When medical officers first tried to treat trench fever, they used those medicaments that they had nearest to hand: those they carried in their standard issue drug boxes. One of these, quinine, was the first drug reportedly used to treat the condition.
Which country has the highest infant death rate?
Ten Countries with the Highest Infant Mortality Rate (UNICEF 2020 – deaths per 1,000 live births):
- Sierra Leone — 80.10.
- Central African Republic — 77.50.
- Somalia — 72.72.
- Nigeria — 72.24.
- Lesotho — 69.88.
- Chad — 67.40.
- DR Congo — 63.79.
- South Sudan — 63.34.
How common is malaria in Afghanistan?
Situation update. Afghanistan has the world’s third-highest malaria burden. The country accounts for 11% of cases in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean region.
Is malaria endemic in Afghanistan?
Malaria is endemic to large areas of Afghanistan that are <2,000 meters above sea level, but high-altitude epidemic P. falciparum malaria may occur in areas >2,400 meters above sea level (1).
Are there Vets in Afghanistan?
The Afghan Veterinary Association was established, and more than 1,300 veterinary paraprofessionals were trained to provide basic veterinary services to rural communities.
Is malaria in Afghanistan?
What race lives longest?
Asian-Americans top the list at 86.5 years, with Latinos following closely behind at 82.8 years. Third of the five groups are Caucasians, with an average life expectancy of about 78.9 years, followed by Native Americans at 76.9 years. The final group, African Americans, has a life expectancy of 74.6 years.
What body type lives the longest?
Summary: People who are lean for life have the lowest mortality, while those with a heavy body shape from childhood up to middle age have the highest mortality, reveal findings of a large study.
What country has the lowest life expectancy?
The population of the Central African Republic has the lowest life expectancy in 2019 with 53 years.