What is the SMB protocol used for?

What is the SMB protocol used for?

The Server Message Block (SMB) protocol is a network file sharing protocol that allows applications on a computer to read and write to files and to request services from server programs in a computer network.

Is SMB and CIFS the same?

CIFS (Common Internet File System) and SMB (Server Message Block) are both Windows file-sharing protocols used in storage systems, such as network-attached systems (NAS). The key difference between CIFS and SMB is that CIFS is a dialect of SMB – a particular implementation of the SMB protocol.

How do I map my network drives?

Map a network drive in Windows

  1. Open File Explorer from the taskbar or the Start menu, or press the Windows logo key + E.
  2. Select This PC from the left pane.
  3. In the Drive list, select a drive letter.
  4. In the Folder box, type the path of the folder or computer, or select Browse to find the folder or computer.
  5. Select Finish.

What is the CIFS protocol?

Common Internet File System (CIFS) is a network filesystem protocol used for providing shared access to files and printers between machines on the network. A CIFS client application can read, write, edit and even remove files on the remote server.

Is SMB still used?

Unfortunately, more than a million Windows machines are still running the unpatched version of the SMBv1 protocol. Most are likely connected to a network, which makes other devices on the same network vulnerable, regardless of which SMB version they are using.


SMB relies on the TCP and IP protocols for transport. This combination potentially allows file sharing over complex, interconnected networks, including the public Internet. The SMB server component uses TCP port 445.

What is NFS vs CIFS?

Common Internet File System protocol (CIFS) allows accessing the files over the network, whereas Network File System (NFS) allows remote file sharing between servers. These are the two most convenient tools used in computers, and each has its pros and cons.

Is NFS better than SMB?

In random read, NFS and SMB fare equally with plain text. However, NFS is better with encryption. In the case of random writing, NFS is better than SMB in both plain text and encryption. If you use rsync for file transfer, NFS is a better choice in plain text and encryption.

How do I Map a network drive using an IP address?

In this example, we used Windows 7.

  1. Right-click the Computer icon and click on the Map network drive…
  2. Enter the IP Address of the Network Attached Storage or the router with USB storage device and click the Browse…
  3. Double-click on the IP Address of your router.
  4. Select the name of your USB Storage device and click OK.

How do I find the IP address of a network drive?

Find your IP Address on Windows 10: Using the Command Prompt

  1. Open the Command Prompt. a. Click the Start icon, type command prompt into the search bar and press click the Command Prompt icon.
  2. Type ipconfig/all and press Enter.
  3. The IP Address will display along with other LAN details.

What is NFS and SMB?

NFS (Network File System) and CIFS (Common Internet File System) are protocols designed to allow a client system to view and access files stored on a remote computing device, such as a server or a PC. CIFS is a dialect of the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol that is used by most current storage systems.

Should I use NFS or SMB?

What is the difference between FTP and SMB?

FTP allows you to transfer files from one connection to another. It allows you to create and delete files and directories. On the other hand, SMB is a client-server communication protocol that helps share and access files, printers, serial ports, and other resources.

What port is used for SMB?

SMB has always been a network file sharing protocol. As such, SMB requires network ports on a computer or server to enable communication to other systems. SMB uses either IP port 139 or 445.

What is SMB and NFS?

The Common Internet File System (CIFS) protocol is a dialect of SMB which in turn is a collection of message packages that defines a specific version of SMB. The Network File System (NFS) protocol is used by Linux systems to share files and folders.

What is the difference between CIFS and SMB and NFS?

What is faster CIFS or NFS?

The communication speed of CIFS is moderate than NFS. NFS offers a high communication speed. Implementation. It has a complicated configuration, and very difficult to diagnose any faults. It is a simple and easy installation.

How do I Map a network drive to all users?

Under User Configuration, go to Preferences, then go to Windows Settings. You will see an option for Drive Maps, right-click on it and then select New > Mapped Drive. Now create the drive mapping. For the Action, you’ll want to choose “Create”

How do I access a network drive outside of network?

How to access network drive from outside network? Using a VPN is the best way to access a network drive. Accessing a mapped network drive from outside your network can be done by typing the IP address of the remote computer in the search bar. A popup showing the shared info should open if the drive is mapped properly.

How do I map a network drive on a NAS?

Synology Assistant

  1. Click on This Computer.
  2. Click on your Synology NAS.
  3. Click on Map Drive.
  4. Enter your NAS credentials.
  5. Select the Shared folder to map as a drive.
  6. Select an available drive letter. Tip: Check the “Reconnect at login” box to have the drive automatically mounted at boot.
  7. Click on Finish.

Is NFS still used?

Sure, there are still millions of Unix boxes using NFS, but now there are also millions of virtualized Windows servers that are running from NFS storage through the hypervisor. More and more storage vendors are recommending NFS over iSCSI for virtualization deployments for a wide variety of reasons.

Which is faster SMB or SFTP?

The differences between SFTP and SMB are quite clear. Primarily SFTP is more efficient and faster than SMB when it comes to transferring large files, however, it has lesser functions. The short message feature of SMB makes it slow as it is sensitive to network latency.

What is difference between NFS and SMB?

NFS and SMB are both tried and tested protocols for data sharing over a network. While NFS is better suited for Linux based environments and SMB on Windows, both protocols can function on any established operating system.

Should I use SMB or NFS?

Is NFS more secure than SMB?

Both SMB and NFS are client-server communication protocols used for sharing data over a network. SMB is best for Windows file sharing whereas NFS is ideal for Linux-based environments. SMB is, however, more secure than NFS in terms of data security.

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