Can I access Hansard?

Can I access Hansard?

The text of many parliamentary debates (also known as Hansard or the Official Report) can be accessed online for free, or via paid subscription services.

How do you cite Hansard?

Reference examples

Hansard Name of House abbreviated (ie HC or HL) Deb. vol. number col. number(s), date.

Who edits Hansard?

Members’ words are recorded by Hansard reporters and then edited to remove repetitions and obvious mistakes but without taking away from the meaning.

Who invented Hansard?

New Zealand. On 9 July 1867 a team of five reporters, led by Chief Reporter C.C.N. Barron, produced the first official report of debates of the New Zealand Parliament.

Who owns Hansard?

Hansard Global

Type Public
Industry Financial services
Founded 1970
Headquarters Isle of Man
Key people Dr Leonard Polonsky, Group President

When can Hansard be used?

It permits Hansard to be used where the legislation is ambiguous or obscure or leads to an absurdity, and the material relied on comprises one or more statements by a Minister or other promoter of the Bill and such other parliamentary material as is necessary to understand the statements, and the effect and the …

How do you cite Hansard documents?


  1. (Author, Month Date, Year, p. x)
  2. Government. Name of Parliament. (Year). Title. vol. x, Publisher.
  3. Government. Name of Parliament. ( Year). Title. https://xxxxx.

What is a Hansard used for?

Hansard is a record of speeches, questions and answers and procedural events in the Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly and is known as Parliamentary Debates (Hansard).

Is Hansard public?

Australian Parliament House is open to the public. The Hansard is the report of the proceedings of the Australian parliament and its committees. This includes the Senate, House of Representatives, the Federation Chamber and all parliamentary committees.

Can Hansard be edited?

Hansard can also be corrected after the fact. If a speaker makes a mistake, such as quoting an incorrect figure, they can go back to the official record and amend it, so the record will say what they meant to say, not what they actually said.

What is the purpose of Hansard?

Hansard is an essentially verbatim record of what was said in the two houses of Parliament and incorporates questions on notice answered on a sitting day.

What information is in Hansard?

How do you reference Hansard in footnotes?

To create a reference to Hansard, you need to say if the entry if House of Commons (HC) or House of Lords (HL), followed by ‘Deb’ for debate, the date, volume, and common number. If you are referring to a written answer in the House of Commons put a ‘W’ after the column number.

How do you cite a parliamentary report?

Year. Title. (House name abbreviated (ie HC or HL) series number, parliamentary session). Place of publication: Publisher.

How do you cite the Hansard APA 7th edition?

APA Referencing Guide — Hansard

  1. Organisation(s)/ author(s) or speaker. ( followed by a full stop OR family name, comma followed by initials, with full stop and space after each initial)
  2. (Date of publication). ( in round brackets, followed by full stop)
  3. Title (in italics)
  4. [Hansard]. (
  5. (Vol.
  6. URL.

How do you reference a parliamentary paper?

Year. Title. (House name abbreviated (ie HC or HL) series number, parliamentary session). Place of publication: Publisher.

How do you cite a government document?

Government document citations include:

  1. Author or authors. The Author may be a government or corporate entity.
  2. Year.
  3. Title of report. Provide the report number in brackets if given.
  4. Publisher. Omit the publisher information if the author and the publisher are the same.
  5. DOI or URL is hyperlinked.

How do you cite a government white paper?

If the author is a government agency or organization, format the white paper citation this way: Agency/organization name. White paper title. City: Place of publication, date.

How do you cite a government document in APA 7?

Is the House of Commons Library a Publisher?

The Commons Library publishes politically impartial policy analysis and statistical research, free for all to read on this site.

How do you cite a government policy paper?

Is a government document a primary source?

Primary source documents can be letters, diaries, newspapers, speeches, interviews, memoirs, minutes, fliers, manifestos, reports, pamphlets, handbills, government documents, or other types of texts.

Can you reference a white paper?

If a white paper has been retrieved from a website, you should format the MLA citation like this: Author last name, Author first name. “Title of page or document.” Name of website. Date of online publication.

How do you reference government documents?

How do you cite a government document with no author in APA?

Treat a government document as a book, report, or brochure. If a person is named on the title page, use her or him as author. If no person is named, use the government agency, department, or branch as a group author. Give the name of the group author exactly as it appears on the title page.

Related Post