What is focalization in Narratology?

What is focalization in Narratology?

Definition. 1Focalization, a term coined by Genette (1972), may be defined as a selection or restriction of narrative information in relation to the experience and knowledge of the narrator, the characters or other, more hypothetical entities in the storyworld.

What is focalization theory?

Focalisation is a term coined by the French narrative theorist Gérard Genette. It refers to the perspective through which a narrative is presented. Genette focuses on the interplay between three forms of focalization and the distinction between heterodiegetic and homodiegetic narrators.

What does focalization mean in literature?

FOCALIZE (focalizer, focalized object): The presentation of a scene through the subjective perception of a character.

What is the purpose of focalization?

Overview: The relationship between the narrator, the focalizer and the focalized are essential in crafting a narrative that focuses on something. Authors will strategically use the narrator(s), the focalizer, and the focalized to craft a narrative that has a specific focalization.

What is an example of focalization?

In external focalization, the character narrator acts as a lens. He can present only what he perceives from the outside. “The Love of a Good Man” is perceived through the eyes of the narrator, Monisha. She could portray the thoughts and feelings of herself but not about her mother.

What is the difference between narration and focalization?

A narrator is the character telling the story. The focaliser is the character who ‘sees’ the story taking place. A focaliser is not necessarily a narrator. Contemporary adult fiction is often written in ‘close third person’.

What is the difference between point of view and focalization?

By the late 1960s, in his Figures, Gerard Genette had introduced the concept of focalization, which is related to point of view, but makes a clear distinction between the position of the narrator (the point from which the story is told) and the position from which events of the narrative can be viewed.

What is dynamic focalization?

A narrative may have fixed or dynamic focalization, internal or external. Fixed focalization entails a single reflector throughout an entire narrative, while dynamic focalization entails variable or multiple reflectors throughout the course of a narrative.

Why is focalization important in literature?

Fundamentally, focalization links the writers with the readers through characters, helping writers to shape readers into understanding characters in particular ways, so through the characters readers may read texts more efficiently in that they could quicker get on the trek provided by the writers and advance from …

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